Wet Start to the Weekend – Erika just a depression

August 28th, 2015 at 9:51 pm by under Bill's Blog, Weather

Central Great Lakes sector loop    The radars here will update automatically…here’s a satellite loop and a surface weather map, . Here’s GRR looping radar and the GRR NWS discussion.  Not much thunder with this system.Most of the rain this (Sat.)  PM will be SE of a line from Holland to Alma.  There will still be a few showers north of that line.  Here’s SPC severe weather outlooks…only the usual General T-Storm Outlooks and a small Marginal Area for the leftover moisture from “Erika”, which is now just a tropical wave.  It could still regenerate to a tropical storm, but nothing much there now in terms of circulation.  Here’s SE U.S. radar – some heavy rains for NW Florida and SW Georgia.  Showers and cooler temps. in Washington state helping firefighters.  It’s windy along the coast, gust to 56 mph at Astoria OR shortly before noon.   Here’s Michigan weather observations.

Links: Here’s Grand Rapids radar and Northern Michigan radar, Milwaukee looping radar. Regional radar and the Updated GRR NWS Short Term Discussion. More links: Northern Indiana radar, Chicago radar, Detroit radar and Milwaukee radar.Here’s College of DuPage Radar Map (pick any radar in the U.S.), College of DuPage Grand Rapids radar, the West Michigan Lightning Tracker, National Lightning Tracker, the local warning/advisory map and the National warning/watch/advisory map, a surface weather map. You can checkout the latest Grand Rapids NWS discussion, the Northern Indiana NWS discussion (includes the Michigan Counties that border Indiana), the discussion for Northern Lower Michigan, and Eastern Lower Michigan. Here’s the Spyglass Condos Weather Station the S. Haven GLERL station, the Muskegon GLERL station, the Grand Haven Steelheaders webcam and weather station, and the weather station at Holland State Park. Check out the links to webcams. Here’s the infrared satellite loop (night) and the visible satellite loop (daytime), Lake Michigan water temperatures (summer). Here’s recent storm reports from SW Michigan, Northern Michigan, NE Illinois, SE. Wisconsin, Upper Michigan and E. Michigan. Check out the wind and wave height at the South Mid-Lake Michigan Buoy (Apr. to Nov. only), the North Mid-Lake Michigan Buoy (Apr. to Nov. only), the buoy at Big Sable Point near Ludington and the weather station on the beach at St. Joseph. Here’s Michigan wind gusts from MesoWest, data from the MAWN agricultural weather stations and Weather Underground (data at the link from private weather stations). Here’s the Consumers Energy Power Outage Map.

Also:  Projected track of Erika over Cuba and just off the west coast of Cuba.   Dominica prime minister says 20 killed, island set back 20 years by damage from TS Erika.  Peak gust on the island 62 mph, but much of the damage and fatalities due to flooding.  Gust to 50-55 in Santo Domingo (Dominican Republic) Fri. evening.   Dr. Shepherd on why hurricane intensity is hard to forecast.   Landspout at Newton KSBig waves today in the Dominican Republic.   Hurricane Jimena now a Category 3 storm – no threat to land.    Nice cumulonimbus cloud here.  Cancun waterspoutAurora Borealis seen from the Intl. Space StationMessage in a bottle discovered 108 years after it was sent!   Flash flooding ongoing in Dayton, IA. Unofficial report of 9″ of rain Friday!  Lehigh, Iowa received 6.50” of rain in 24 hours.   25 years ago – the Plainfield IL tornado – strongest tornado so late in the year.   The tornado moved WNW to ESE.  High temps. from yesterday…including 93 in San Francisco, 90 in San Diego, 112 in Imperial CA…warmest was 118 at Death Valley CA (August avg. is 115).  Waterloo, Iowa, broke its Aug. 28 rain record with 4.10″.

Total GLOBAL Accumulated Cyclone Energy (ACE)   Sep 1985 – Aug 1995: 8102    Sep 1995 – Aug 2005: 8310    Sep 2005 – Aug 2015: 6676    Good news:  Alaska – “cool, damp August” mostly ends firefighting; just 13 active firefighters now vs 3000+ at peak.   Lightning and a waterspout together.

Finally, I can’t retire before this guy retires!

Great Lakes Water Levels/News

August 27th, 2015 at 11:03 pm by under Bill's Blog, News, Weather

Lake Michigan Traverse Bay Michelle Olin   Here’s a nice pic. of Traverse Bay from daughter #3.  All the Great Lakes have significantly above average water levels.  Lake Michigan/Huron down 1″ in the last month, up 9″ in the last year and is now 6″ above the average August water level.  Lake Superior is up 1″ in the last month, up 1″ in the last year and 7″ above the average July water level.  Lake Erie is down 7″ in the last month, but is still 8″ above the level of one year ago.  Erie is now 12″ above the average July level.  There is still some concern that a strong wind (derecho moving down the lake) could cause significant flooding if the winds push the water toward shore.   Lake Ontario is down 5″ in the last month, up 6″ in the last year and is now 7″ above the average August level.  Lake St. Clair is also quite high, despite losing 4″ in the last month.   St. Clair is up 6″ in the last year and it’s now 11″ above the average level for August.  Some inland lakes also have high water levels.  The St. Mary’s, Niagara and St. Lawrence Rivers will continue to have above average flow.  The St. Clair and Detroit Rivers should have near average flow.  Here’s some current (11:30 pm Thu.) flow numbers in cubic feet per second compared to median flow:  Grand River at Grand Rapids 2270 (1500), St. Joseph River at Three Rivers 605 (555), River Raisin at Monroe 167 (138), Maumee River at Defiance OH 1180 (398).

Gene discovery may help restore Great Lakes troutA story about manure.  Sorry, I prefer rehabilitation to dilapidation.  Michigan led the nation in the growth of Great Lakes and ocean employmentYour tax dollars at work! – not.  Larger number of perch found in Lake MichiganInvasive Chinese jellyfish found in Michigan lake.   The high-tech United States Coast Guard’s MackinawErosion problems on Lake Michigan from higher water levelsSalt tonnage up on the Great LakesThe latest from Boatnerd.

Tropical Storm Erika:  Track MapWind Speed Probability MapSan Juan PR radarForecast DiscussionLatest Advisory with WarningsFunktop Satellite Loopen Español…18,000 customers without electricity in Puerto Rico as I write this.   All flights from the PR international airport have been canceled as of Thurs. evening.  There were at least four fatalities from Erika on the island of Dominica.   There was a gust to 62 mph on St. Croix.  US Virgin Islands governor issues State of Emergency, imposes curfew, activates National Guard.   Coast Guard Warning for Florida.   BTW, Erika has a few things going against it…a hurricane on the Florida Coast is not a slam dunk here.  Overnight European model takes Erika over Hispanola, not conducive for strengthening.

Hurricane Ignacio:  Track MapWind Speed Probability Map…Satellite imageHawaii composite radar…   We also have hurricane Jimema, well west of Mexico and no threat to land.

Also:  Dozens of cars stranded in flash flooding after heavy rain in Sioux Falls, SD.  5.75″ of rain fell in 5 hrs at Sioux Falls…2.04″ of rain fell at Broken Bow, Nebraska in one hour.  Twin waterspouts off Cape Coral, Florida.   Happy summer at Greenland Summit, where the tempeature is -27F.   Stormy day at the northernmost point in the U.SGettin’ up close and personal with a wildfire.

Finally – here’s one of the bands my brother plays with occasionally – out of Chicago…here’s another, Dr. Mark is a surgeon.

Clearing Skies

August 27th, 2015 at 11:01 am by under Bill's Blog, Weather

muskegon glerl     The clouds hung on longer than I thought they would in G.R., but we’re partly sunny now and mostly sunny in some lakeshore areas.  The high in G.R., Muskegon and Holland (so far) has been 71.  Our average high for today is 79. Sunset tonight is at 8:26 pm, tomorrow 8:24 pm.  Here’s the satellite loop and current temperatures in Michigan.  You can see the blue sky out over Lake Michigan on the GLERL pic. here from Muskegon (from NOAA Coastwatch).

Low temps. last night:  51 G. Rapids, 50 Battle Creek, 49 Muskegon and Holland, 47 Kalamazoo (airport).  Some cool spots:  45 at hastings, Ludington, Charlotte, Hart, Baldwin and Ceresco (Calhoun Co.)…44 at the agricultural station in Lawrence, 41 at the Kalamazoo Nature Center.   It really got cool in the U.P.:  39 Houghton, Marquette and Manistique, 36 at Ironwood, 34 at Paulding, Champion, Watersmeet and Kenton, 33 at Wakefield and the coldest I saw was a frosty 32 at Baraga Plains.   Past week -5.4 degrees w/ highs in the 60s 3 of 7 days. Past 4 days only 19% sunshine.

No, Mars won’t be as big as the full moonPath of “Erika” toward the east coast of FloridaFlooding from “Erika” on the island of DominicaAnother pic. of the flooding – and there may have been a building collapse.   8.86 in (225 mm) in 6 hours at Canefield Apt.  Uh-oh!  – Dominica.   Pic. of baseball-sized hail near Greenbush KSPlanes fighting wildfires get pretty close to the groundHurricane Katrina – 10 years later.    Tropical Storm Jimena forms in the eastern Pacific, the 10th named storm of the season.  No threat to land at this point.  The remains of Hurricane Goni bringing heavy but beneficial rain to northeast China, Vladivostok Russia.

Football Frenzy!

August 27th, 2015 at 12:42 am by under Bill's Blog, Sports, Weather

full moon u.s. naval observatory   football frenzy Football Frenzy – high school football kicks off tonight. It’s all cameras on deck for the Frenzy. We’re planning on covering 20 games this evening and 19 games tomorrow evening. Highlight games tonight: W. Ottawa/Mona Shores, Lowell/Walled Lake Western and Portage/Battle Creek Lakeview. Watch the highlights at 10 pm on WXSP and at 11 pm on WOOD TV8. We’ll also have cut-ins throughout the evening on WOOD.  Pic. is what the moon looked like last night.  We’ll have a nearly full moon the next couple nights.  The full moon is technically Saturday at 2:35 pm and the full moon of August is most often called the Sturgeon Moon.  Here’s the names and times of the full moons of 2015.  Next month we have the Harvest Moon, plus a lunar eclipse!  Here’s this week’s Sky at a Glance, where you can check the location of planets and other cool things to see in our nighttime sky.  Here’s the list of Space Station Flyovers for West Michigan.  You can also get the latest on West Michigan astronomical events from the Grand Rapids Amateur Astronomical Assn.  Check out for details on auroras, the number of sunspots, asteroid approaches and more.  Here’s a link to a map that shows where the space station is right now (takes a little while to open the page). Here’s another tracking map with the position of the sun.  Nearly full moon hangin’ over the Windy City.  Grand Rapids is now 1 degree cooler than average for the month of August.  Michigan was the coolest of the Lower 48 states on Weds.  Last 4 days G.R. has had 19% of possible sunshine.  Three of the last 7 days have had highs in the 60s.  Last 7 days have been 5.4 deg. cooler than average.

The overnight models are more bullish on rain for Saturday.  the NAM model gives G.R. a 27% chance of rain Fri. night and a 70% chance of rain on Sat.  The GFS has a 29% chance of rain late Fri., a 59% chc. of rain Fri. night and an 80% chance of rain on Saturday.

It’s been a cool start to the day – here’s current Michigan temps, Michigan webcams and the latest Lake Michigan water temps. (Reeds Lake in East G.R. last check had a water temp. of 70).  Here’s yesterday’s U.S. high temps. – including a hot 102 at Laredo TX, Chadron NE and Imperial NE.  On the cool side – the high was only 62 in Cleveland, 68 in Columbus OH, Elkins WV and Pittsburgh PA.  Buffalo managed only 69.  The past two days, Grand Marais (beach) in the U.P. has had high temps. of 54 and 53.  Once again the warmest temp. in the U.S. was at Death Valley CA (115), while Togo MN dipped to a frosty 32.

View of Tropical Storm Erika from the Hurricane Hunters Aircraft near sunset Weds.  Here’s the latest projected path of Erika, which should come close to Florida.  4.76″ of rain near Homestead, FloridaHurricane Ignacio heading toward HawaiiAurora last night in Wisconsin – nearly full moon makes it harder to see.  the kp-index is at a 5 as I write this.   1.31″ of rain in 1 hr at Mount Rushmore, SD.  Look at the cool, wet weather coming for Washington State – great news for fire fighters.

Weds. Evening/Night

August 26th, 2015 at 11:58 am by under Bill's Blog, Weather

[Image of 5-day forecast and coastal areas under a warning or a watch]kyle airplane shot   First, the latest forecast path of Tropical Storm “Erika” brings the storm through the northern Lesser Antilles Islands, over Puerto Rico – into the Bahamas and finally into S. Florida as a weak to at most moderate hurricane. The HWRF model takes the storm right into the Miami area.  Here’s the forecast discussion for “Erika” and areas that could see +58 mph wind gusts.  This will not be an “Andrew”.

The picture on the right is from Kyle Underwood, who is flying up to Charlevoix this AM. At one mile above ground, you’re above the clouds and into the sunshine.  The satellite loop shows breaks in the clouds.  Current observations show temps. in the low-mid 60s as I write this (early afternoon).  There are still a couple of sprinkles in the area.

On a personal note, we have a mouse in basement.  We have two cats and when we hear a “cat stampede” in the basement, you can assume they are chasing a mouse.  They never catch the mouse, they just chase it (like a dog chasing a car).  So, I have a live trap – I’ll eventually trap the mouse and take it to some local forest and the cats will sulk because I’ve taken away their toy.

Wednesday – Another Cool Day

August 26th, 2015 at 1:21 am by under Bill's Blog, Weather

muskegon glerl cloudy with lake-express ferry 8 25 15   The Muskegon GLERL camera (from NOAA Coastwatch) caught the Lake Express ferry heading back to Milwaukee around 4:20 pm yesterday afternoon.  More clouds than sun for most of us again today.  Here’s the visible satellite loop (daytime) and the infrared satellite loop (nighttime).  Here’s current Michigan weather observations and G.R. radar.   The overnight run of the NAM model gives G.R. highs of 71 today and 74 on Thursday with a cool 49 Thurs. AM.  The GFS has highs for G.R. starting today as 69, 73, 79, 78, 82, 85, 84 – with the chance of rain highest on Sat. (63%) and Sun. (53%).   I don’t think I’ll stay up for the European model tonight.

Here’s U.S. high temps. yesterday.  The warmest and coldest temps. in the U.S. were both in California yesterday, 118 at Death Valley and 31 at Bodie State Park.  The two weather stations are about 180 miles apart.  There is a big difference in elevation, with Death Valley dipping to 282 feet below sea level and Bodie St. Park at a very high 8,375 feet above sea level.  Bodie St. Park is a ghost town.  Here’s a short video about the park.  The average high temperature in August at Death Valley is 113.

Here’s the GFS on the path of Erika – this model run has it greatly weakened in the Keys.  Note the GFS also has a small low pressure center in Indiana, giving areas south of G.R. the best bet for a period of rain on Saturday.    Anyone like red clouds?  There were some relatively hefty rainfall amounts in N. Alaska:  1.52″ Kotzebue, 1.50″ 15 WNW Tanacross, 1.06″ Nome, 0.53″ Barrow.  Up to 5″ of snow is forecast for the Brooks Range.  It should be a relatively quiet week for severe weather.  There’s still a tiny block of ice (yellow color) in Hudson Bay.   The average date for the minimum Arctic ice extent is Sept. 15.  It was Sept. 17 last year and Sept. 13th in 2013.  Here’s the Arctic ice extent today compared to the same date in 2007Kettle Complex fire in WA.

Tuesday Night

August 25th, 2015 at 11:50 am by under Bill's Blog, Weather

Grand HAven Steelheaders CAM   11:59 pm -  The high today in G.R. was 62°.  That’s 3° cooler than the high temperature was on Christmas Day in 1982 (another year with a strong El Nino).  BTW – four months exactly until Christmas Day.    The lowest maximum temp. for G.R. on this date was 60 in 1940.  Today ties for 7th coolest August high temperature EVER in G.R. (records go back to the late 1800s).  The east buoy in Lake Superior was showing an air temp. of 48 at 8 pm.

The pic. here is a screen grab from the Grand Haven Steelheaders camera from late morning.  When the pic. was taken, the temperature was 59 with a WNW wind at 18 mph.  The lake is a little calmer than yesterday (waves are still 3.8 feet at the Port Sheldon buoy), but red flags are flying at all the State Park beaches this evening.  Here’s radar – mainly just an isolated sprinkle now, with most of the sprinkles north of Cadillac.  Statewide high temperatures:  66 was the warmest I saw at Flint, Detroit and Saginaw.  The high was just 59 in Big Rapids, 58 at Cadillac, 54 in Newberry, 53 at the NWS office in Marquette and just 52 at Spincich Lake.  Rainfall last 24 hours:  0.48″ E. Munising, 0.17″ S. Ste. Marie,  0.10″ Muskegon, 0.05″ G.R., 0.03″ Kalamazoo, just a trace so far at Holland.  G.R. has now slipped into negative territory for the month of August.  For August 1-25, G.R. is 0.7° cooler than average.

Here’s Michigan webcams and  Lake Michigan water temps.  Reeds Lake water temp. this evening is down to 70°.   Here’s the satellite loop (daytime), showing a few breaks in the clouds, but a general overcast back past Milwaukee WI – so we’ll stay under the clouds tonight.   The morning run of the NAM model shows highs of 71° tomorrow and 74° on Weds. with clouds starting to clear tomorrow PM (from southwest to northeast) and Thursday being mostly sunny.  The morning run of he GFS would still give us a chance of a sprinkle thru midday tomorrow.  The morning run of the GFS gives G.R. highs of 69° tomorrow (Wed.) and 73° on Thurs.  The national satellite loop (daytime) shows it’s sunny today over most of the country.  We have clouds in the Great Lakes, New England and some clouds in the SW desert areas of AZ into S. CA and SE NV.

The long-range outlook for the first week of Sept. is warmer than average for just about everybody east of the Rockies.  I agree with this – Sept. should be a warmer than average month over most all of the Great Lakes and Ohio Valley.  The pattern shift is good news for fire-fighters in the Pacific NW.

The BP gas refinery in Whiting, Indiana is coming back online – so gasoline prices should start to drop in 4-7 days, I’m told.  Minimal Tropical Storm Erica and what’s left of Danny bringing beneficial rain to the Puerto Rico and the northern Caribbean.  Erika forecast to stay east of the SE US., but it will be a close call, esp. for E. NC.   Lots of smoky skies in the western half of the U.S. this AMFloods in Turkey – 8 fatalities.  EF2 tornado yesterday in The Netherlands.   Honolulu recorded 3.6″ of rain Monday, more than 6x the normal monthly amount.   Why is INDY like the planet Earth?  They both have sprites.   It should be a warmer than average Labor Day Weekend for much of the Great Lakes.   I just checked the GFS for Seattle.  Here’s the high temps. and (% chance of rain) starting Friday:  71° (57%), 69° (86%), 70° (72%), 69° (64%), 72° (52%).  The pattern shift should be of great help to fire fighters in WA and to a lesser extent OR, ID, CA, MT.   Moon and thunderhead at sunset over the Gulf of MexicoWhat the moon looks like tonight (yeah, I know it’s cloudy).  Dust storm moves into Phoenix.  Here’s the dust storm coming into Chandler AZ.  Estimated 8-10,000 lightning strikes over the Hawaiian Islands last night – that’s a lot for Hawaii.  Lightning video from HITropical Storm Ignacio forms, should become a hurricane and head toward Hawaii.    Lightning hits tree – and you could have been zapped standing 75 feet from the trunk.  Racing with the haboob.



August 25th, 2015 at 1:29 am by under Bill's Blog, Weather   Click on the images to enlarge.  These are the 6-10 day outlooks from CPC (the Climate Prediction Center) for the period Aug. 30 to Sept. 3.  I agree with the temperature map…it will cool in the Pacific NW and be warm to hot east of the Rockies.  I really hope the above average rainfall is correct in Washington State.  That would be a big help to fire fighters.  Here in the Great Lakes, that looks like WNW flow thunderstorms, which would be interesting.   Here’s a look at yesterday’s weather on Mackinac Island.

Overnight model data:  NAM high temps. for Tue./Weds./Thu. = 68, 71, 73.  GFS high temps. starting with Tue. (today):  68, 69, 74, 77, 81, 84, 85.  Any showers today should be light and widely scattered.  I think Sept. will turn out warmer than average in the Great Lakes, maybe by 2-3 degrees.

Also – Tropical Storm “Erika” has been named.  Here’s the projected path of the storm – to the west-northwest, brushing by the Lesser Antilles and Puerto Rico.  That area has been dry, so they can use the rain.  With the system projected to remain a tropical storm, any wind damage would be limited.  The storm should be in the Bahamas over the coming weekend.  Interests in Florida should pay attention to later updates on Erika as the storm could be moving close to or into Florida early next week.  The water is quite warm in the Bahamas and off of Florida.   Most overnight models have Erika turning north before the center reaches Florida.  Erika will not become a major hurricane.   Typhoon Goni will weaken to a tropical storm as it crosses southern Japan and heads toward the Russian coast.   Former Typhoon Atsani is fading as a tropical/extratropical depression far out to sea.  Minimal Hurricane Loke west of Hawaii poses no threat to land and will fade away as it heads north into cooler water.  Nice pic. of last night’s moon.   Record rainfall in Honolulu.   Yesterday was the 46th consecutive day that Central Park in NYC has reached 80 F.  Pic. of tornado in Australia yesterday.   What do you eat when you are hiding in a cave for 6 years?    Danny is the 26th Atl MH in a row to not impact the US as a MH. Odds are ~1:7400, given the 1900-2000 rate of 29% of all MH impacting US.

Several Cool Days

August 24th, 2015 at 11:44 am by under Bill's Blog, Weather

muskegon glerl 2 muskegon glerl   Here’s a couple of late AM pics. from the Muskegon GLERL cam (from NOAA Coastwatch).  We’ve got some pretty decent waves inside the breakwaters and whitecaps as far out as you can see.  Click on the pictures to enlarge.  Beach observations this AM show waves of 4-7 feet.   Strong currents are likely this PM and it’s best to stay out of water more than knee-deep unless you have a board and really know what you are doing.  Late morning shows an air temp. of 63.5 at Muskegon with a steady 25 mph wind, 65.1 at S. Haven with a 23 mph wind.  Needless to say, not many people would be spending time swimming at Lake Michigan today.  The buoy at Slate Island in Lake Superior shows an air temp. of 49 shortly before noon.  The surface map shows some 40′s north of Lake Superior late morning.  We should continue to see gusts to 30 mph this afternoon.  The morning run of the NAM model is out and gives G.R. highs of 68 tomorow and 72 on Weds.    At noon – Grand Rapids is 66°, wind west at 23, gust to 30 mph.  Charlevoix, Harbor Springs and Beaver Is. are all raining and 56°.  Houghton and Ironwood are both only 50° at noon.  At 2:30 pm – sprinkles and very light showers north of I-96…will continue there and a few sprinkles, light showers developing south of I-96.

Also, what once was Hurricane Danny has been downgraded to a depressionthe Hurricane Center will stop issuing advisories.  The next storm, “Erika” will be named soon – taking a path eventually toward the Bahamas.  The Eastern Pacific remains quietPic. from 8/24/92 with Hurricane Andrew hitting S. Florida.   Pic. of  board thru palm tree from “Andrew”Number of wildfires below normal this year, but record year for acreage burned.  WOW!   Close cloud-ground lightning strike at the Vikings game – disaster waiting to happen.  Thunderstorms in Hawaii.   Heavy rain in Amsterdam this PM.

Cool Start to the Work Week

August 24th, 2015 at 3:14 am by under Bill's Blog, Weather

lightning Grand Haven Kirk Jackson 8 23 15 reportitLightning hits Lake Michigan - ReportIt 8 23 15    Here’s a couple of pics. that Kirk Jackson sent to WOOD-TV through ReportIt.  Just about everyone saw some rain on Sunday.  We’ll have a chance of a shower or two today (esp. north) with chilly air (for August) coming across the warmer waters of Lake Michigan.  The overnight run of the NAM model gives G.R. highs of 71/68/71 for Mon. to Weds.  The GFS highs for Mon. – Sat. are 74/69/72/74/77/76.  Here’s current temperatures and a satellite loop (IR – for daytime or nighttime).  Beach Hazards Statement and Small Craft Advisories for Lake Michigan.  From GRR NWS:  “We closely monitored 2 rotating storms this afternoon. One was near Hastings, other near Mason.  Neither strengthened.  Here’s pics. of the rescue at Grand Haven ThursdayLightning hit Sunday.   I wouldn’t be surprised if there was a waterspout on Lake Superior/Michigan/Huron sometime in the next couple days.   Temperatures will be warmer next week than they will be this week.

Also:  Tropical Storm “Danny” will be only a tropical depression as it passes south of Puerto Rico.    Kahului on Maui Island, Hawaii tied its all-time record high temperature (for any month) with a 97° reading.   Snow for AlaskaUnusual late-summer snow in Calgary, Canada.   Timelapse from a Great Lakes freighter.  Caribou, ME reached at least 80 F for the 10th straight day Sunday, a new record. Previous record: 9 days set three times in the 1970s.  Update on Typhoons Goni and Atsani in the Western Pacific.   Casper, WY dropped to 29 F Sunday morning; Previous record-low: 41 F back in 1966.  Nice pic. of Sunday PM in Lima, Peru.  Lima is the 3rd biggest metropolitan area in the Western Hemisphere (behind Sao Paulo and Mexico City).  August is the coolest month in Lima with an average high temp. of 65F.  With a constant wind off the ocean, the temperature doesn’t vary much.  The hottest ever in Lima was 93 and the coolest ever was 46.